Android early earthquake warnings

How Android Earthquake Alerts System Works

Animation image of individuals receiving and Android earthquake alert

Earthquakes happen daily around the world, with hundreds of millions of people living in earthquake prone regions. An early warning can help people prepare for shaking, but the public infrastructure to detect and alert everyone for an earthquake is costly to build and deploy. We saw an opportunity to use Android to provide people with timely, helpful earthquake information when they use Google search, and a few seconds warning to get themselves and their loved ones to safety if needed.

Android Earthquake Alerts System is a free service that detects earthquakes around the world and can alert Android users before shaking starts.

Detecting an Earthquake

In California, Washington, and Oregon, we partner with the ShakeAlert® team to distribute alerts provided by their system. ShakeAlert uses a network of 1675 seismic sensors to detect earthquake shaking, and analyzes that data to determine the location and size of the earthquake. The ShakeAlert® system then sends a signal to Android Earthquake Alerts System, which then sends an earthquake alert directly to Android users.

Outside of these U.S. states, we use a crowdsourced approach to detect earthquakes. All smartphones contain tiny accelerometers that can sense vibrations and speed, signals that indicate an earthquake might be happening. If the phone detects something that it thinks may be an earthquake, it sends a signal to our earthquake detection server, along with a coarse location of where the shaking occurred. The server then combines information from many phones to figure out if an earthquake is happening. This approach uses the 2+billion Android phones in use around the world as mini-seismometers to create the world’s largest earthquake detection network; the phones detect the vibration and speed of shaking of an earthquake, and alert Android users in affected areas accordingly.

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Satellite visualization of earthquake detection

Earthquake detections can also be viewed on Google Search. Simply search for “Earthquake near me” - if you’ve felt shaking - to get additional information about any seismic activity near you.

Alerting Users During an Earthquake

Android has two types of notifications designed to alert users about an earthquake. Both alert types are only sent for earthquakes of magnitude 4.5 or greater.

Be Aware notification

Be Aware Alert

[Weak / Light Shaking]
Take Action alert

Take Action Alert

[Moderate / Extreme Shaking]

Be Aware Alert

  • Designed to give you a heads up for light shaking, and provide more information when you tap on the notification.
  • Only sent to users who will experience MMI 3 & 4 shaking during an earthquake of magnitude 4.5 or greater
  • Respects the Volume, Do Not Disturb and Notification settings on your device.

Take Action Alert

  • Designed to get your attention before you experience moderate to heavy shaking, so that you can take action to protect yourself.
  • Only sent to users who will experience MMI 5+ shaking during an earthquake of magnitude 4.5 or greater.
  • Will break through Do Not Disturb settings, turn on your screen and play a loud sound.

Earthquake Safety Information

Tapping on either of the alerts will present Earthquake safety information, which consists of simple steps that you can take to keep yourself safer after an earthquake. It also provides a detailed map of an early estimate of the earthquake location and magnitude.

Earthquake safety information card